Restocking your body’s nutritional needs for optimal health
Malnutrition in Obesity
Many people struggling with obesity often consume high caloric diets, such as junk foods, but low in the essential nutrients and vitamins that the body needs to use for building biological molecules, and release energy.
This deprivation from nutrients and fibre can cause constant feelings of hunger, since the body lacks the adequate levels of energy to function optimally and fulfil the bodily needs.
Thus, people that are obese or overweight might be also characterised by signs of malnutrition, which further leads to low mood and tiredness.
Malnutrition in Older Clients
Weight loss can occur as part of the aging process, but equally can be a sign of an underlying physical, mental or social problem. If unchecked this may result in malnutrition.
Some people find getting older difficult to cope with, suffering from depression and periods of apathy that may reduce their willingness to eat. In some cases, physical decline may reduce some older people’s ability to cook and prepare meals.
Other causes may be tooth loss and use of dentures, changes to the digestive system, or side effects from certain medications. Regardless of the causes, if the weight loss continues, it can have undesirable consequences such as muscle wasting, the deterioration of the immune system and a general decline in physical and emotional health. However, it is equally important that weight recovery should be undertaken carefully so as not to put undue stress on the body and organs.
Malnutrition and Cancer
There are several reasons why cancer treatments may cause patients to lose weight, but it’s very difficult to predict potential problems because although all drugs have side effects, not all patients are affected in the same way.
Side effects that may cause weight loss with cancer treatment:
Tiredness: the lack of energy may reduce patients desire to do anything, including prepare food. It may also result in anxiety and depression and negative feelings about oneself that may also have an impact on eating patterns.
Nausea: cancer drugs can, but don’t always, cause sickness. This can make it very difficult to eat or hold foods down. Making careful food choices, and eating and drinking frequently and in small quantities can help to combat this.
The digestive system: some cancer drugs may cause diarrhoea, constipation or loss of appetite. In the case of changes in bowel movements, it’s important to avoid dehydration and talk to a doctor about what steps to take. Loss of appetite may also occur because of the way certain drugs alter the way foods taste or because of soreness in the mouth.
Treatment for Malnutrition
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